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Tennis Elbow: Understanding, Managing, and Preventing a Common Culprit of Elbow Pain

by Kasia White 08 Nov 2023 0 Comments

You may be one of many people who suffer from a condition known as "tennis elbow" if you've had persistent pain in the elbow region, possibly accompanied by a weakening grip strength. This discomfort can be experienced by anyone—not just tennis players. To help you take control of your health and wellness, this blog post aims to give comprehensive insights into understanding, managing, and preventing tennis elbow.



What is Tennis Elbow?


Tennis elbow, clinically known as lateral epicondylitis, is a type of tendinitis that stems from the overuse of muscles in your forearm. The muscles and tendons become damaged, which leads to pain and inflammation. This discomfort prominently occurs where your tendons attach to a bony bump on the outside of your elbow and may extend into your forearm and wrist.


Despite its name, this condition doesn't affect exclusively tennis players. Any activity that involves repetitive twisting of the wrist or forearm, like using a screwdriver, cutting up cooking ingredients, or even typing, can lead to the development of tennis elbow.


Symptoms to Watch Out For

Recognizing tennis elbow can be tricky as it often starts as a mild discomfort. Here are some symptoms to look out for:

- Pain or burning on the outer part of your elbow

- Weak grip strength

- Stiffness or difficulty in fully extending your forearm

The pain associated with tennis elbow may develop gradually, with mild pain worsening over weeks or months. Usually, there's no specific injury associated with the start of symptoms, and you might only recognize something is wrong when your usual activities become challenging due to pain or weakness.


What Causes Tennis Elbow? Understanding the Mechanics

The root cause of tennis elbow is repetitive or excessive strain on the tendons in the forearm, leading to tears in the tissue. This strain might seem trivial, but it can accumulate, especially in activities where you extend your arm and clench your fist.

When you grip something with your hand, you engage the muscles of your forearm. These muscles connect to your elbow through tendons, which are tough bands of tissue designed to withstand tension. However, when these muscles and tendons are overworked, they can develop small tears.

The body naturally initiates a healing process, but continual strain and damage — from not giving the elbow sufficient time to recover — can lead to inflammation and a condition that is more painful and lasting than typical muscle soreness.


How is Tennis Elbow Diagnosed? 

If you suspect you have tennis elbow, it's crucial to see a healthcare professional. They will likely start with a physical examination, checking for pain in the area around the outside of your elbow. The examination may include tests of your grip strength and pain caused by specific movements.

In some cases, if the diagnosis isn't clear, your doctor might recommend further tests such as an MRI or ultrasound. These imaging tests can show your doctor more details about the tendons in your elbow, allowing them to rule out other causes of elbow pain.


Managing and Treating Tennis Elbow: What are Your Options?


Treatment for tennis elbow focuses primarily on relieving pain and reducing inflammation. Here are some common methods:


  1. Rest and Immobilization: Giving your arm proper rest is crucial. Avoid movements that trigger the pain or use a brace or splint to keep your forearm still.
  1. Ice and Heat Application: Ice packs can be used to reduce inflammation and numb the pain slightly, especially in the first few weeks following the onset of pain. After the initial inflammation has gone down, heat pads can help relax the muscles and improve blood flow.
  1. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers like aspirin or ibuprofen can reduce pain and inflammation. However, it's important to use these as part of a broader treatment strategy and under guidance from a healthcare professional.
  1. Physical Therapy: Specific exercises can help. They focus on stretching and strengthening the forearm muscles, improving the tendons' resilience, and promoting healing. A physical therapist might also introduce techniques like massage, ultrasound therapy, or muscle-stimulating techniques. 
  1. Steroid Injections: For more severe cases, doctors might recommend injecting steroids like cortisone into the painful area. Steroids are potent anti-inflammatory drugs, but they come with their own set of risks, so it's essential to discuss these thoroughly with your doctor.
  1. Surgery: In cases where the symptoms are severe and non-surgical treatments haven't helped, a surgical procedure to remove damaged tissue may be necessary. This option is relatively rare and typically reserved for the most persistent cases.
  1. Alternative Therapies: Some individuals have found relief through alternative therapies like acupuncture or shockwave therapy, which aims to stimulate the body’s natural healing processes.

Remember, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person. It's important to work with a healthcare professional to find a treatment plan tailored to your situation.

New Options Sports recommendations for Tennis Elbow Braces


Preventing Tennis Elbow: Steps Towards a Healthier Future

Prevention is better than cure, and there are proactive steps you can take to protect yourself from tennis elbow or prevent its recurrence:

  1. Ergonomics is Key: Pay attention to your movements during activities, ensuring you're using proper form and technique. This principle applies whether you're playing a sport, engaging in manual labor, or sitting at a desk typing.
  1. Strengthen and Stretch: Regularly engaging in exercises that strengthen your arm, shoulder, and upper back muscles can help take the strain off your tendons. Additionally, don’t underestimate the power of stretching; keeping your muscles and tendons supple can significantly reduce the risk of tiny tears.
  1. Take Regular Breaks: If your work or hobby involves repetitive arm movements, be sure to schedule regular breaks to rest your muscles and tendons.
  1. Use the Right Equipment: Ensure the tools or sporting equipment you use are suitable for your ability, body size, and strength. For instance, in tennis, racquets with flexible shafts can reduce the stress on your forearm.
  1. Listen to Your Body: Don’t ignore the early signs of discomfort. Pain is a signal that something is wrong. Addressing symptoms early can prevent a minor issue from becoming a debilitating one.


Conclusion: Empower Yourself Through Knowledge and Action

Tennis elbow is a widespread but frequently curable condition. You'll be in a better position to communicate with medical professionals if you know what it is, can identify the symptoms, and are aware of your options for treatment. Beyond that, taking proactive steps in self-care and prevention can help to ensure that your elbow stays pain-free so you can carry on with your daily activities without interruption.

With the appropriate information and assistance, you too can recover and resume your normal activities pain-free. Don't let tennis elbow hold you back, whether you're an athlete, a professional with a physically demanding job, or someone who deals with the aches and pains of daily tasks.



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